Michigan outlines actions to reduce phosphorus loading to Lake Erie.
This document outlines federal and state efforts to achieve the binational phosphorus load reduction targets adopted in 2016 under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.
Pennsylvania outlines actions to reduce phosphorus in Lake Erie.
Canada and Ontario outline actions to reduce phosphorus loading to Lake Erie.
The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA), signed by Canada and the United States, is a commitment to protect the waters of the Great Lakes. It was most recently updated in 2012. Annex 4 was formed to manage phosphorus concentrations and loadings (and other nutrients if warranted) in the Great Lakes.
In the Great Lakes region, recreational boating presents a particularly significant management challenge for efforts aimed at limiting the spread and impacts of aquatic invasive species (AIS). The adoption of legislative policy with a regulatory component (including mandatory boat inspections) has been especially strong in western US. Here, we present a review of the current WID laws and regulations for all eight Great Lakes states to see how each state’s program compares to the recommended authorities set forth in the Model. Our review uses the framework developed by Sea Grant Law Center.
States, especially in the western United States, have taken significant action to reduce the aquatic invasive species risk associated with the recreational boating pathway. In addition to enacting laws and regulations that prohibit the possession, transport, and release of aquatic invasive species, over a dozen states have developed extensive watercraft inspection and decontamination (WID) programs.
Risk assessments identify, evaluate, and estimate the level of risk of a potential invasive species or pathway. They are an important tool in invasive species management, and are used to inform, prevent, prioritize, and respond.
The goal of these two databases is to provide a record of completed risk assessments relevant to North America. These assessments have been completed by a range of government and non-government organizations.