Through the Aquatic Invasive Species Annex of the 2012 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, the United States and Canada have committed to “… contribute to the achievement of the General and Specific Objectives of this Agreement. Through this Annex the Parties shall establish a binational strategy to prevent the introduction of Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS), to control or reduce the spread of existing AIS, and to eradicate, where feasible, existing AIS within the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem.”
The Great Lakes St. Lawrence Governors & Premiers Aquatic Invasive Species Task Force works to stop the introduction and spread of aquatic invasive species (AIS) into the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River Basin. Since its inception, the Task Force has coordinated state and provincial efforts to combat AIS through strategic regional action.
The Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species coordinates education, research, management and policy efforts to prevent new AIS from entering the basin and to control and mitigate those AIS populations already established. The Great Lakes Panel is one of six regional panels that report to the federal Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, which coordinates AIS efforts on a federal level.
Ohio outlines actions to reduce phosphorus in Lake Erie.
The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) is a multi-agency collaboration that provides funding to federal agencies that work to protect and restore the Great Lakes. Both United States and Canadian agencies have been the recipients of GLRI funding across a broad scope of projects.
The GLRI Action Plan III for fiscal years 2020-2024 focuses on five important categories:
- Spreading the word about the wonders and value of Great Lakes coastal wetlands to the public can help to inspire popular support for conservation projects related to wetland protection and restoration.
- The Great Lakes Coastal Assembly also supports higher education opportunities for science students who plan to begin a career in wetland biology and/or conservation.
- Monitoring the status and trends of habitats and species is critical to informing conservation decisions and allocating resources.
- The Coastal Assembly endorses the need for science-based monitoring for status and trends that can validate actions that will improve native species populations and provide for sustainable habitats for future growth.
- The Coastal Assembly promotes the conservation, restoration and management of Great Lakes coastal wetland habitats with an emphasis on supporting self-sustaining populations of diverse native species.
- This strategy includes active management to ensure that habitats and ecosystems are functioning well enough to meet the needs of native species.
Many of our coastal wetlands have been permanently lost. But how are we doing with protecting what we have? Reporting the percentage of Great Lakes coastal wetlands that are protected can help focus efforts to preserve them where they are most needed.
This metric shows the percentage of wetlands protected at a glance, to highlight progress to-date and where we can do more.
In the Great Lakes region, recreational boating presents a particularly significant management challenge for efforts aimed at limiting the spread and impacts of aquatic invasive species (AIS). The adoption of legislative policy with a regulatory component (including mandatory boat inspections) has been especially strong in western US. Here, we present a review of the current WID laws and regulations for all eight Great Lakes states to see how each state’s program compares to the recommended authorities set forth in the Model. Our review uses the framework developed by Sea Grant Law Center.
In northwest Ohio, precipitation data is relatively corase due to the distance from regional Doppler weather radars and a current lack of rain gage density. Twenty new rain gages will fill a critical gap in precipitation data.
Slowing down runoff to give phosphorus more time to settle back in the soil.
When planted after the main harvest, cover crops reduce erosion, hold nutrients in the soil, and improve soil health.
Planting certain crops that reduce erosion and enrich the soil thus reducing runoff and sediment delivery.
Mixing manure into the soil to keep it in place and minimize nutrient loss.
Applying specific fertilizer below the surface to reduce nutrient loss.
Applying specific fertilizer levels based on the need of each sub-acre to reduce fertilizer application without risk of losing yield.
Testing results give farmers information on where to place fertilizer and fertilizer application rate.
The H2Ohio program will create, restore, and enhance 3,535 acres of wetlands in strategic, targeted areas in Ohio. Wetlands filter commercial, agricultural, and landscaping nutrients from Ohio rivers and lakes, and help provide clean water for drinking, recreation, and quality habitats for plants and animals.
The Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species convened a Risk Assessment Ad Hoc Committee in 2016, with a charge to improve regional species and pathway risk assessment coordination, and to develop a scope of work for the development of a risk assessment clearinghouse. This clearinghouse includes summaries of risk assessments conducted throughout the Great Lakes region to improve access to risk assessment information and provide at-a-glance information about different risk assessment methodologies.