Abstract: Risk-based prioritization for early detection monitoring is of utmost importance to prevent and mitigate invasive species impacts and is especially needed for large ecosystems where management resources are not sufficient to survey all locations susceptible to invasion.
This document details the method used to develop the Great Lakes Surveillance Framework Watch List.
Through the Aquatic Invasive Species Annex of the 2012 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, the United States and Canada have committed to “… contribute to the achievement of the General and Specific Objectives of this Agreement. Through this Annex the Parties shall establish a binational strategy to prevent the introduction of Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS), to control or reduce the spread of existing AIS, and to eradicate, where feasible, existing AIS within the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem.”
The Great Lakes St. Lawrence Governors & Premiers Aquatic Invasive Species Task Force works to stop the introduction and spread of aquatic invasive species (AIS) into the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River Basin. Since its inception, the Task Force has coordinated state and provincial efforts to combat AIS through strategic regional action.
The Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species coordinates education, research, management and policy efforts to prevent new AIS from entering the basin and to control and mitigate those AIS populations already established. The Great Lakes Panel is one of six regional panels that report to the federal Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, which coordinates AIS efforts on a federal level.
The United States and Canada adopted phosphorus load reduction targets to combat Lake Erie algal blooms.
This document outlines federal and state efforts to achieve the binational phosphorus load reduction targets adopted in 2016 under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.
Michigan outlines actions to reduce phosphorus loading to Lake Erie.
The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA), signed by Canada and the United States, is a commitment to protect the waters of the Great Lakes. It was most recently updated in 2012. Annex 4 was formed to manage phosphorus concentrations and loadings (and other nutrients if warranted) in the Great Lakes.
Ohio outlines actions to reduce phosphorus in Lake Erie.
Pennsylvania outlines actions to reduce phosphorus in Lake Erie.
Canada and Ontario outline actions to reduce phosphorus loading to Lake Erie.
The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) is a multi-agency collaboration that provides funding to federal agencies that work to protect and restore the Great Lakes. Both United States and Canadian agencies have been the recipients of GLRI funding across a broad scope of projects.
The GLRI Action Plan III for fiscal years 2020-2024 focuses on five important categories:
- Spreading the word about the wonders and value of Great Lakes coastal wetlands to the public can help to inspire popular support for conservation projects related to wetland protection and restoration.
- The Great Lakes Coastal Assembly also supports higher education opportunities for science students who plan to begin a career in wetland biology and/or conservation.
- Grants and other funding opportunities are the foundation for creating projects that benefit coastal wetland ecosystems.
- The Coastal Assembly supports the continuation of existing grants and funding, and the development of new opportunities for investments in the future of coastal wetlands and the people that care for them.
- Evidence for economic and social benefits provided by Great Lakes coastal wetlands can be an important driver of investments
- Documenting this vital connection supports the decision to protect or restore wetlands to their original function
- Monitoring the status and trends of habitats and species is critical to informing conservation decisions and allocating resources.
- The Coastal Assembly endorses the need for science-based monitoring for status and trends that can validate actions that will improve native species populations and provide for sustainable habitats for future growth.
- The Coastal Assembly promotes the conservation, restoration and management of Great Lakes coastal wetland habitats with an emphasis on supporting self-sustaining populations of diverse native species.
- This strategy includes active management to ensure that habitats and ecosystems are functioning well enough to meet the needs of native species.