Abstract: Risk-based prioritization for early detection monitoring is of utmost importance to prevent and mitigate invasive species impacts and is especially needed for large ecosystems where management resources are not sufficient to survey all locations susceptible to invasion.
This document details the method used to develop the Great Lakes Surveillance Framework Watch List.
Through the Aquatic Invasive Species Annex of the 2012 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, the United States and Canada have committed to “… contribute to the achievement of the General and Specific Objectives of this Agreement. Through this Annex the Parties shall establish a binational strategy to prevent the introduction of Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS), to control or reduce the spread of existing AIS, and to eradicate, where feasible, existing AIS within the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem.”
The Great Lakes St. Lawrence Governors & Premiers Aquatic Invasive Species Task Force works to stop the introduction and spread of aquatic invasive species (AIS) into the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River Basin. Since its inception, the Task Force has coordinated state and provincial efforts to combat AIS through strategic regional action.
The Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species coordinates education, research, management and policy efforts to prevent new AIS from entering the basin and to control and mitigate those AIS populations already established. The Great Lakes Panel is one of six regional panels that report to the federal Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, which coordinates AIS efforts on a federal level.
The United States and Canada adopted phosphorus load reduction targets to combat Lake Erie algal blooms.
This document outlines federal and state efforts to achieve the binational phosphorus load reduction targets adopted in 2016 under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.
Michigan outlines actions to reduce phosphorus loading to Lake Erie.
The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA), signed by Canada and the United States, is a commitment to protect the waters of the Great Lakes. It was most recently updated in 2012. Annex 4 was formed to manage phosphorus concentrations and loadings (and other nutrients if warranted) in the Great Lakes.
Ohio outlines actions to reduce phosphorus in Lake Erie.
Pennsylvania outlines actions to reduce phosphorus in Lake Erie.
Canada and Ontario outline actions to reduce phosphorus loading to Lake Erie.
Coastal wetlands of the Great Lakes protect North America's longest freshwater shoreline. They are able to reduce the impact of storm surges, absorb excess water, and reduce the risk of flooding to nearby properties. A diverse and resilient system of Great Lakes coastal wetlands provides invaluable and cost-effective protection for coastal communities.
In northwest Ohio, precipitation data is relatively corase due to the distance from regional Doppler weather radars and a current lack of rain gage density. Twenty new rain gages will fill a critical gap in precipitation data.
Slowing down runoff to give phosphorus more time to settle back in the soil.
When planted after the main harvest, cover crops reduce erosion, hold nutrients in the soil, and improve soil health.
Planting certain crops that reduce erosion and enrich the soil thus reducing runoff and sediment delivery.
Mixing manure into the soil to keep it in place and minimize nutrient loss.
Applying specific fertilizer below the surface to reduce nutrient loss.