Abstract: Risk-based prioritization for early detection monitoring is of utmost importance to prevent and mitigate invasive species impacts and is especially needed for large ecosystems where management resources are not sufficient to survey all locations susceptible to invasion.
This document details the method used to develop the Great Lakes Surveillance Framework Watch List.
Through the Aquatic Invasive Species Annex of the 2012 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, the United States and Canada have committed to “… contribute to the achievement of the General and Specific Objectives of this Agreement. Through this Annex the Parties shall establish a binational strategy to prevent the introduction of Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS), to control or reduce the spread of existing AIS, and to eradicate, where feasible, existing AIS within the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem.”
Tracking results of early detection efforts targeted toward aquatic plant species at priority sites across the Great Lakes Basin.
Habits, Attitude, and Habitat—together they comprise HabitattitudeTM. This educational campaign with the uncommon name addresses common concerns of private enterprise, state and federal natural resource agencies, and responsible pet owners: protecting our environment from the impacts of invasive species. HabitattitudeTM seeks to inspire and empower people to explore the connection between responsible pet ownership and environmental stewardship.
This risk assessment report was conducted to define the priority pathways through which aquatic plant species may move throughout the Great Lakes region and identify gaps in knowledge, management, compliance and law enforcement, and education for these pathways. The results of this risk assessment are intended to guide future activities that may reduce the risk of introduction of aquatic plants into waterways across the Great Lakes region.
The Great Lakes Coastal Program provides funding and technical assistance to partners for conservation and restoration of priority coastal fish and wildlife habitats, including wetlands, shorelines, uplands, rivers, and streams. Projects should fit into one of the following categories:
Habitat Restoration: Projects that support on-the-ground protection, enhancement or restoration of wetland and upland habitat used by focal species. Education and outreach components of these projects may also be supported.
The State Wildlife Grant (SWG) Program provides federal grant funds to state fish and wildlife agencies for developing and implementing programs that benefit wildlife and their habitats, including species that are not hunted or fished. Grant funds may be used to address a variety of conservation needs--such as research, fish and wildlife surveys, species restoration, habitat management, and monitoring that are identified within a State's Wildlife Action Plan. These funds may also be used to update, revise, or modify a State's Plan.
The Standard Grants Program is a competitive, matching grants program that supports public-private partnerships carrying out projects in Canada, the United States, and Mexico that further the goals of the North American Wetlands Conservation Act. These projects must involve long-term protection, restoration, and/or enhancement of wetlands and associated uplands habitats. In Mexico, projects may also include technical training, environmental education and outreach, organizational infrastructure development, and sustainable-use studies.
The Small Grants Program is a competitive, matching grants program that supports public-private partnerships carrying out projects in the United States that further the goals of the North American Wetlands Conservation Act. These projects must involve long-term protection, restoration, and/or enhancement of wetlands and associated uplands habitats for the benefit of all wetlands-associated migratory birds.
The Small Grants Program funds projects that are too small to be competitive for the Standard Grants Program.
Coastal wetlands are valued, in part, because they protect against flooding, help maintain water quality, and provide habitat for wildlife. Coastal environments are also important economically, generating billions of dollars annually through industries such as commercial fishing and tourism. The National Coastal Wetlands Conservation Grant (NCWCG) Program provides States with financial assistance to protect and restore these valuable resources. Projects can include:
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service funds projects to protect, restore, and enhance Great Lakes fish and wildlife habitat under the Great Lakes Fish and Wildlife Restoration Act.
Ohio's State Wildlife Action Plan (SWAP) is a strategic look at the integrated conservation efforts needed to sustain the broad array of wildlife species across the state. The Action Plan is intended to support, complement, and unite the work of multiple conservation and management entities within Ohio. The Action Plan is designed to build upon, coordinate, and focus these efforts as well as identify information gaps and further needs to create a comprehensive vision for future conservation activities across the state.
The key elements of the Lake Ontario LaMP's Binational Biodiversity Conservation Strategy are: 1) the integration of action priorities into existing programs and place-based planning activities especially within key watersheds, an activity best done by local governments and organizations and; 2) regional coordination of lakewide scale biodiversity monitoring and restoration activities. This LaMP implementation strategy lists the key recommendations provided in The Beautiful Lake report to be formally adopted by the LaMP.
The Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge Comprehensive Plan identifies the role the Refuge will play in supporting the mission of the National Wildlife Refuge System and provides guidance for Refuge management. The plan articulates management goals for the next 15 years and specifies objectives and strategies that will achieve those goals.
Beginning in the 1940s, industrial facilities and wastewater treatment plants on the Saginaw River, Michigan, released PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) and related compounds into the Saginaw River. Because of on-site contamination, releases from the facilities continued after PCBs were banned in the 1970s. These releases also damaged the Saginaw Bay ecosystem. Saginaw Bay is one of the prime walleye fishing and waterfowl hunting areas in the Great Lakes and also drains into Lake Huron.
Following a heavy rain event, a mixture of diesel fuel and lube waste oil was observed the morning of April 9, 2002, in the Rouge River. In the late evening of April 12, 2002, or the early morning of April 13th, another oil spill occurred after a heavy rainfall. It appeared the oil came from one of the combined sewer outfalls on the River Rouge (Baby Creek Outfall). This release was trapped in the River Rouge due to booming at the mouth, preventing further releases oil into the Detroit River. This spill was significantly greater than the first release.
The mission of the Upper Mississippi River and Great Lakes Region Joint Venture (UMGL JV) is to deliver the full spectrum of bird conservation through regionally based, biologically driven, landscape-oriented partnerships.
Managing a national wildlife refuge is complicated business; what helps one species may have drawbacks for another species. For example, should a refuge restore prairie habitat to benefit grassland birds, or should staff time and funding be used to improve habitat for forest-associated species? Should staff focus on wildlife research or combating invasive species? A new trail will enhance access for fishing, but will it make an area less desirable for nesting birds? Answering these and other questions shapes the future of national wildlife refuges.
Working with partners, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service uses a range of conservation tools to "recover" endangered and threatened species to ensure that they are secure members of their ecosystems. These tools include restoring and acquiring habitat, removing introduced animal predators or invasive plant species, conducting surveys, monitoring individual populations, and breeding species in captivity and releasing them into their historic range.