This document outlines federal and state efforts to achieve the binational phosphorus load reduction targets adopted in 2016 under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.
The Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species convened a Risk Assessment Ad Hoc Committee in 2016, with a charge to improve regional species and pathway risk assessment coordination, and to develop a scope of work for the development of a risk assessment clearinghouse. This clearinghouse includes summaries of risk assessments conducted throughout the Great Lakes region to improve access to risk assessment information and provide at-a-glance information about different risk assessment methodologies.
Habits, Attitude, and Habitat—together they comprise HabitattitudeTM. This educational campaign with the uncommon name addresses common concerns of private enterprise, state and federal natural resource agencies, and responsible pet owners: protecting our environment from the impacts of invasive species. HabitattitudeTM seeks to inspire and empower people to explore the connection between responsible pet ownership and environmental stewardship.
GLANSIS is an inter-agency, Great Lakes-specific database for Aquatic Nonindigenous Species (ANS) information.
The Invasive Mussel Collaborative was established to advance scientifically sound technology for invasive dreissenid mussel control to produce measurable ecological and economic benefits. The Collaborative provides a framework for communication and coordination, and works to identify the needs and goals of resource managers, prioritize the supporting science, and align science and management goals into a common agenda.
NOAA's Great Lakes Environmental Research Lab (GLERL) compiled information on their modeling and research on HABs and hypoxia.
The Regional Coastal Resilience Grants program supports regional approaches to activities that build resilience of coastal regions, communities, and economic sectors to the negative impacts from extreme weather events, climate hazards, and changing ocean conditions.
The NERRS Science Collaborative is a network of network of 28 coastal reserves designated to protect and study estuarine systems around the country. The Science Collaborative fosters the development and application of research that addresses coastal management problems important to the reserves. The Science Collaborative administers annual requests for proposals to identify, fund, and foster science-based projects that address coastal management problems that important to the coastal reserves.
To date, the program has funded collaborative projects addressing the following:
Through Community-based Marine Debris Removal Grants, NOAA's Marine Debris Program offers funding that supports locally driven, community-based marine debris prevention and removal projects. These projects benefit coastal habitat, waterways, and wildlife including migratory fish.
Investing in habitat restoration and ecosystem resiliency projects provides sustainable and lasting benefits that reduce risks posed to coastal communities from extreme weather events, changing environmental conditions, and known or potential climate change impacts. The Coastal Ecosystem Resiliency Grants Program is intended to build the resilience of coastal ecosystems and communities in the U.S. This grant program funds projects that develop healthy and sustainable coastal ecosystems through on-the-ground habitat restoration and conservation.
The Coastal Flood Exposure Mapper supports communities that are assessing their coastal hazard risks and vulnerabilities. The tool creates a collection of user-defined maps that show the people, places, and natural resources exposed to coastal flooding. The maps can be saved, downloaded, or shared to communicate flood exposure and potential impacts. In addition, the tool provides guidance for using these maps to engage community members and stakeholders. The current geography includes the East Coast and Gulf of Mexico.
WEMo (Wave Exposure Model) is a simple hydrodynamic model that calculates the wind wave exposure of a site (Murphey and Fonseca 1995, Fonseca and Bell 1998). WEMo helps coastal managers and ecologists with tasks of estimate wave parameters in coastal and estuarine environments since hydrodynamic factors can profoundly impact the environment in coastal areas. This involves estimating the wave energy reaching the shoreline taking into account the effects of wind, local topography and bottom.
nowCOAST is a GIS-based web mapping portal that displays near real-time observations, analyses, tide predictions, model guidance, watches/warnings, and forecasts for the coastal United States. nowCOAST is designed to be a planning aid to assist recreational and commercial mariners, coastal managers, HAZMAT responders, coastal ocean modelers, and marine educators to discover and display real-time information for their particular needs and geographic area of interest.
The Great Lakes Coastal Resilience Planning Guide shows how coastal communities are using science based information to address coastal hazards such as flooding, shore erosion, and lake-level fluctuations. This new online resource connects people with the tools and data needed to consider natural hazards and climate change in local planning efforts.
The ENOW Explorer tool streamlines the task of obtaining and comparing economic data, both county and national, for the six sectors dependent on the ocean and Great Lakes: living resources, marine construction, marine transportation, offshore mineral resources, ship and boat building, and tourism and recreation. Users can discover which sectors are the largest in various parts of the county, which sectors are growing and declining, and which account for the most jobs, wages, and gross domestic product.
eCoastal Tools is a user-friendly toolbox that provides an interface for retrieving and analyzing data for coastal engineering projects. The eCoastal ArcMap toolbars include the following product features: Survey Tools, Profile Loader, and Sediment Budget Analysis System.
The Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) is computer software that computes the rate of shoreline change using historical shoreline positions represented in GIS. The software can also be used to compute rates of change for other boundary change issues that incorporate a clearly identified feature position at discrete times.
Coastal County Snapshots turn complex data into easy-to-understand stories, complete with charts and graphs. Users select a coastal county of interest and the website does the rest, providing information that can help communities become more resilient to coastal hazards. Current snapshot topics include flood exposure, wetland benefits, and ocean and Great Lakes jobs. Local officials can use the snapshots as a planning tool to assess their county's resilience to flooding and understand the benefits provided by natural resources.
CanVis is a visualization program used to "see" potential impacts from coastal development or sea level rise. Users can download background pictures and insert the objects (hotel, house, marina, or other objects) of their choosing. The software is used by municipalities to brainstorm new ideas and policies, undertake project planning, and make presentations.
Bathymetry of the Great Lakes has been compiled as a component of a NOAA project to rescue Great Lakes lake floor geological and geophysical data and make it more accessible to the public. The project is a cooperative effort between investigators at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) and the NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL) was compiled utilizing the entire historic sounding database.