Specific activities identified by Lake Erie states, the province, and federal governments within Domestic Action Plans are tracked on ErieStat as Investments.  Tracking these investments will enable the adaptive management of phosphorus control efforts and eventually, provide “big picture” views of phosphorus control Progress.

Investments made in the Lake Erie basin to control phosphorus aren’t expressed only as dollars – it’s also the programs implemented and the people and organizations who implement them. Investments include on-the-ground practices, research and monitoring, infrastructure upgrades, and outreach and education.

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United States: Great Lakes Sediment and Nutrient Reduction Program

The Great Lakes Sediment and Nutrient Reduction Program (GLSNRP) provides grants to local and state governments and nonprofit organizations to install sediment and nutrient control practices in the Great Lakes Basin. Projects funded under the program are selected on a competitive basis and benefit the Great Lakes states.


United States: Runoff Risk Advisory Forecasts for Farmers

Runoff Risk Decision Support is a real-time forecasting tool that gives farmers guidance about when to apply fertilizers to their fields.The tools provide farmers and producers actionable recommendations about when to avoid short-term nutrient applications due to unfavorable environmental conditions.  Runoff Risk tools are based on real-time National Weather Service (NWS) weather and hydrologic models and have been collaboratively developed with ma

Indiana: Promote soil health practices

Healthy soil with a higher organic content reduces erosion, ameliorates the effects of flood and drought, reduces nutrient and sediment loading to streams and rivers, and may require fewer nutrient inputs. The four key principles to building healthy soils are:

  • Minimize soil disturbance through never-till or conservation tillage practices
  • Maximize soil cover
  • Keep living roots growing as long as possible
  • Grow a variety of plants

Ohio: Water quality monitoring network

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (Ohio EPA) has assisted in the establishing a comprehensive/continuous water quality monitoring network specific to tracking progress toward meeting the Ohio Domestic Action Plan and Annex 4 goals.

Ohio: Water Infrastructure upgrades

The state of Ohio has invested in point source nutrient reduction efforts by offering financial assistance to communities with discharge permits for wastewater treatment plant upgrades and combined sewer separation projects. Through its Water Pollution Control Loan Fund, Ohio Environmental Protection Agency has provided Lake Erie communities with over $2.6 billion in wastewater resource infrastructure project loan funds between 2009 and 2018.

Ohio: CSO Loadings

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency and Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District, along with other local partners, conduct monitoring of nutrient discharge levels from priority combined sewer overflows (CSOs) to evaluate seasonal and annual loads. 

Ohio: Watershed Implementation and NPS-IS Plans

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency and Ohio Department of Agriculture, along with local entities, will develop Watershed Implementation Plans or Nonpoint Source Implementation Strategic Plans (NPS-IS Plans) in priority watersheds not already covered by a plan.

Ohio Senate Bill 299’s Support for Working Lands Programs

The passage of the Ohio Senate Bill 299’s Support for Working Lands Programs made $23.5 million available to Ohio conservation districts in 2019 to support programs that improve nutrient retention practices on farms. $20 million was allocated in 2020, with an additional $20 million budgeted for 2021.

Ohio Lake Erie CREP

The Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) set a goal in 2004 to voluntarily establish 67,000 acres of filter strips, riparian buffers, hardwood tree plantings, wildlife habitat, and field windbreaks.

Ohio Clean Lake Initiative – Impaired Watershed Restoration Program

The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) oversees the Ohio Clean Lake Initiative – Impaired Watershed Restoration Program, which aims to reduce phosphorus loading, including dissolved phosphorus loading, in the most impaired Watershed Assessment Units in the Western Lake Erie Basin (WLEB).

Ohio: Edge-of-field monitoring and research

The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) continues to support edge-of-field monitoring efforts and research coming out of the Ohio State University and USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS).

Ohio: Stewardship Credit program

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, with the Ohio Department of Agriculture and Ohio Federation of Soil and Water Conservation Districts, is working to finalize a program to prevent nutrient loss and protect water quality through the purchase and retirement of Stewardship Credits.

Ohio: Operation and maintenance of HSTS

The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) will continue to work with local health districts to ensure implementation of their Operation and Maintenance Tracking programs for household sewage treatment systems (HSTS), as required under the Ohio Administrative Code.

Ohio: Sandusky Bay Initiative

Sandusky Bay has been recognized as a priority management area, and it contains some of the most significant coastal wetland systems in the Lake Erie basin. Under the Sandusky Bay Initiative, the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, and Ohio Lake Erie Commission will fund and complete engineering and design work for 12 planned restoration projects.

Ohio: Soil Testing

Testing results give farmers information on where to place fertilizer and fertilizer application rate.