Investments made in the Great Lakes region to advance AIS management strategies include direct funding support, capacity for education and outreach, on-the-ground and in-the-water actions, and regulatory enforcement. This site will be updated to reflect the diversity of investments by researchers, managers, and communicators to prevent, detect, and control AIS across the region as Blue Accounting continues to identify and collect this information. Patterns of investment can be analyzed to see what AIS management strategies are being resourced and to identify opportunities where additional resources may be needed to achieve regional AIS goals. Funding data presented here represents a variety of funding sources, and includes Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) funding that has been directly dispersed from federal agencies to recipients and funding for the state aquatic nuisance species management plans of Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, and New York. Where specified below, annual funding through GLRI for the federally-led Asian Carp Action Plan is also included.

Annual GLRI Funding for AIS Activities

Federal Fiscal Year201020112012201320142015201620172018
GLRI Funding: General AIS and State AIS Management Plans524922562598081833028875224364663090871024888078435258173224741718419591
GLRI Funding: Asian Carp Action Plan597660002581300019389717160108001600000016000000175330002307500021100000
GLRI Funding: Total for AIS11225825651793817.7452418591.83384472664690871040888077.8761058816.7455322416.639519591

Annual funding dedicated to AIS projects is distributed through a variety of sources. This graph represents funding distributed directly through GLRI; through the Aquatic Nuisance Species State Management Plans of Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, and New York; and the annual amount of GLRI funding dedicated to the Asian Carp Action Plan. For more information about the Asian Carp Action Plan, visit

Annual GLRI Funding for AIS Activities

Federal Fiscal YearGLRI Funding: General AISGLRI Funding: State AIS Management Plans*GLRI Funding: Asian Carp Action PlanGLRI Funding: Total for AISTotal GLRI Funding Provided by CongressPercent of Total GLRI Funding for AIS Projects
2010$52,492,256 $5,795,866 $59,766,000 $112,258,256 $475 million24%
2011$25,980,818 $5,181,815 $25,813,000 $51,793,818 $299 million17%
2012$33,028,875 $4,460,974 $19,389,717 $52,418,592 $300 million18%
2013$22,436,466 $2,870,289 $16,010,800 $38,447,266 $284 million14%
2014$30,908,710 $4,043,370 $16,000,000 $46,908,710 $300 million16%
2015$24,888,078 $4,493,706 $16,000,000 $40,888,078 $300 million14%
2016$43,525,817 $6,153,986 $17,533,000 $61,058,817 $300 million20%
2017$32,247,417 $4,844,417 $23,075,000 $55,322,417 $300 million18%
2018$18,419,591 $3,639,581 $21,100,000 $39,519,591 $300 million13%

*Annual funding dedicated to AIS projects is distributed through a variety of sources. This table represents funding distributed directly through GLRI; through the Aquatic Nuisance Species State Management Plans of Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, and New York; and the annual amount of GLRI funding dedicated to the Asian Carp Action Plan. For more information about the Asian Carp Action Plan, visit

Recipients of AIS Funding

Federal government32047503 21181102 35340989 0
State government4813846 5374843 12566032 537325
Local government339215 2132680 14991365 0
Tribal government912816 671952 7646276 229380
Regional government740000 0 33589700 0
Other non-governmental organization17259982 655518 27237862 0
College/university18061904 9573511 6622934 0
Private industry0 0 71426 0

AIS funding is awarded to multiple levels of government and a variety of public and private entities that are involved in programs and projects to prevent the introduction of AIS.

Annual Funding for Regional AIS Goals


Reactive activities, including control of established species populations, have historically received a larger amount of funding compared to proactive activities such as prevention, surveillance, and response.

Annual Funding for Primary Pathways of AIS Movement

Funding YearTrade in live organismsRecreational boatingShippingCanals and waterways

Aquatic invasive species move into and throughout the Great Lakes region via a variety of pathways. Funding for the four major pathways of invasion has shifted annually based on the funding priorities of federal and state government agencies.

Annual Funding for Prevention Activities in Primary Pathways

Trade in live organisms3032599118450718602391415679145458641340999991150000180026281231
Recreational boating39007762060450267600319093932491176207121323802671411840852378684295
Canals and waterways129522440000025313015692691872763252670000

Annual funding for prevention activities have shifted in recent years, as more attention is paid to pathways other than Shipping.

Focus of Species-Specific Funding


Control projects primarily focus on wide-spread regional AIS of significant concern, including sea lamprey and Phragmites.

Annual GLRI Funding for the Asian Carp Action Plan

Fiscal Funding YearFunding Level

This funding reflects the annual amount of GLRI funding for the Asian Carp Action Plan. The plan outlines strategies and projects for addressing invasive Asian carp in the Great Lakes basin and focuses on Bighead and Silver Carp, but has expanded in recent years to include strategies for managing Black and Grass Carp.

The funding information presented above represents the total annual funding for the Asian Carp Action Plan from the GLRI. The Asian Carp Action Plan is a collaborative document developed by the Asian Carp Regional Coordinating Committee, representing a variety of stakeholders, including federal U.S. government agencies and state government agencies. Funding comes from both GLRI and base agency budgets. For more information about funding for Asian carp activities, the Asian Carp Regional Coordinating Committee, and specific project information, visit

Funding sources for AIS work are varied and include grant programs administered by non-profit organizations, private sector funding initiatives, and base agency budgets set annually through state, provincial, and federal legislatures. Federal funding in the U.S. includes the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI), which was established and funded in 2010 to address the major threats to Great Lakes ecosystems and drinking waters, including AIS. For more information about GLRI and funding, visit Data provided by state agencies about work accomplished under and funded through a state aquatic nuisance species management plan are also included here for the states of Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, and New York.

GLRI data presented here is derived from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (U.S. EPA)Environmental Accomplishments in the Great Lakes (EAGL) database of federally-dispersed GLRI funds (i.e., FY2010-2018 funding dispersed directly to recipients for project implementation), including associated data metrics and project descriptions. A set of search terms and functions relevant to AIS research and management was used to identify AIS projects within the EAGL database. Funding information for invasive carp is presented here as bulk funding and is not included in any other funding analysis. For complete information about Asian Carp Action Plan funding and projects, visit

The information presented here builds on a database of AIS funding originally developed by the Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species.