Funding for surveillance exercises is critical to detecting new populations of AIS.
Early detection and response programs are intended to detect introductions of new non-native species early while populations are still localized. Early detection increases the likelihood that response efforts to contain, control, and ideally eradicate new populations will be effective. A comprehensive basin-wide approach is needed to coordinate and guide detection and response efforts.
Funding for these programs is critical to ensure that if a new species is detected somewhere in the Great Lakes Basin, a response plan can immediately be implemented to remove the species before an established population can form. A comprehensive early detection and response program includes planning exercises to ensure that state and provincial agency staff are prepared in case of a new species detection, regular monitoring activities designed to target places where new species are most likely to be introduced, and a variety of detection methods and tools that are able to effectively detect species that may be present in low abundance and therefore more difficult to capture through traditional sampling methods.
Diversity of Funding Sources
Funding sources for AIS work are varied and include grant programs administered by non-profit organizations, private sector funding initiatives, and base agency budgets set annually through state, provincial, and federal legislatures. Federal funding in the U.S. includes the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI), which was established and funded in 2010 to address the major threats to Great Lakes ecosystems and drinking waters, including AIS. For more information about GLRI and funding, visit www.glri.us.
GLRI Data Source Limitations
GLRI data presented here is derived from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (U.S. EPA)Environmental Accomplishments in the Great Lakes (EAGL) database of federally-dispersed GLRI funds (i.e., FY2010-2015 funding dispersed directly to recipients for project implementation), including associated data metrics and project descriptions. A set of search terms and functions relevant to AIS research and management was used to identify AIS projects within the EAGL database. The information presented here does not include funding data for invasive carp projects. For complete information about Asian Carp Action Plan funding and projects, visit www.asiancarp.us