Funding for surveillance exercises is critical to detecting new populations of AIS.

Early detection and response programs are intended to detect introductions of new non-native species early while populations are still localized. Early detection increases the likelihood that response efforts to contain, control, and ideally eradicate new populations will be effective. A comprehensive basin-wide approach is needed to coordinate and guide detection and response efforts.

Funding for these programs is critical to ensure that if a new species is detected somewhere in the Great Lakes Basin, a response plan can immediately be implemented to remove the species before an established population can form. A comprehensive early detection and response program includes planning exercises to ensure that state and provincial agency staff are prepared in case of a new species detection, regular monitoring activities designed to target places where new species are most likely to be introduced, and a variety of detection methods and tools that are able to effectively detect species that may be present in low abundance and therefore more difficult to capture through traditional sampling methods.

ANNUAL GLRI FUNDING FOR DETECTION & RESPONSE

ANNUAL GLRI FUNDING FOR DETECTION & RESPONSE
Detection
20102663716
20111791835
20123560703
20131497777
20143955809
20154237326
20169645332
20174618963
20187216145

Funding for detection and response work has increased in recent years, primarily due to a significant increase in the amount of funding dedicated to surveillance and response for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. This U.S. federal agency conducts work across the Great Lakes region and coordinates directly with states to ensure that the Great Lakes are effectively and efficiently monitored for new AIS introductions.

GLRI FUNDING FOR DETECTION & RESPONSE BY SPECIES GROUPS

GLRI FUNDING FOR DETECTION & RESPONSE BY SPECIES GROUPS
FishInvertebratePlanktonPlantDiseaseAlgae
Detection108786801323377710000011282185450000

Surveillance methods and strategies vary depending on the type of target organism (e.g., a plant versus a fish). Thus, investments in different gears and approaches are important for a successful AIS surveillance program.

RECIPIENTS OF GLRI FUNDING FOR DETECTION & RESPONSE

RECIPIENTS OF GLRI FUNDING FOR DETECTION & RESPONSE
Detection
Federal government21181102
State government5374843
Local government2132680
Tribal government671952
Regional government0
Other non-governmental organization655518
College/university9573511
Private industry0

The majority of GLRI funding for surveillance and response is awarded to different federal agencies that have the staffing resources and jurisdiction to conduct monitoring in the Great Lakes. Tribal, state, and local governments also conduct monitoring within their jurisdiction, contributing to the total surveillance effort within the Great Lakes region. Non-profit organizations and academic institutions typically coordinate their efforts with the appropriate government agencies in order to avoid duplication of effort and maximize the full impact of regional surveillance and response.

Funding sources for AIS work are varied and include grant programs administered by non-profit organizations, private sector funding initiatives, and base agency budgets set annually through state, provincial, and federal legislatures. Federal funding in the U.S. includes the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI), which was established and funded in 2010 to address the major threats to Great Lakes ecosystems and drinking waters, including AIS. For more information about GLRI and funding, visit www.glri.us.

GLRI data presented here is derived from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (U.S. EPA)Environmental Accomplishments in the Great Lakes (EAGL) database of federally-dispersed GLRI funds (i.e., FY2010-2015 funding dispersed directly to recipients for project implementation), including associated data metrics and project descriptions. A set of search terms and functions relevant to AIS research and management was used to identify AIS projects within the EAGL database. The information presented here does not include funding data for invasive carp projects. For complete information about Asian Carp Action Plan funding and projects, visit www.asiancarp.us

The information presented here builds on a database of AIS funding originally developed by the Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species.